Dr. Ganley published a new journal article titled "Gender Equity in College Majors: Looking Beyond the STEM/Non-STEM Dichotomy for Answers Regarding Female Participation" with co-authors Casey George, Joe Cimpian, and Martha Makowski in the American Educational Research Journal.
You can access the study here (paywall) or email Dr. Ganley for a copy. There is also a nice write up in Inside Higher Ed here.
Women are underrepresented in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors and in some non-STEM majors (e.g., philosophy). Combining newly gathered data on students’ perceptions of college major traits with data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), we find that perceived gender bias against women emerges as the dominant predictor of the gender balance in college majors. The perception of the major being math or science oriented is less important. We replicate these findings using a separate sample to measure college major traits. Results suggest the need to incorporate major-level traits in research on gender gaps in college major choices and the need to recognize the impact of perceptions of potential gender discrimination on college major choices.
Over the last few months we celebrated some grad student birthdays (Amanda and Elyssa) and had a lab night out to celebrate the end of the fall semester!
MTL Lab grad student Amanda McGraw defended her honors thesis and the lab went out to celebrate! Her work focused on the relation between finger gnosis (the ability to recognize your fingers) and different math skills.
At the end of April, the FSU Psychology department held their annual Graduate Research Day. As always, it was very exciting to see all the research that was being done by the graduate students in the department! Amanda McGraw, Connie Barroso, and Elyssa Geer represented the MTL Lab with their posters!
Last week, Connie Barroso gave a talk in FSU's College of Education's Learning and Cognition brownbag series. She discussed her work examining the math and science mindsets of engineering students, which was based on her master's thesis she completed in the Learning and Cognition program last year. There was a great crowd and very interesting questions and ideas to think about as she continues this work!
This past week was the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development in Austin, TX, one of the biggest conferences in our field! Our lab had four posters at the conference and Dr. Ganley was awarded an Early Career Research Contributions Award!
This week the MTL Lab and IDCD Lab had an inter-lab bowling competition! Each lab won a game!
Dr. Ganley and graduate student Amanda McGraw's new article about math anxiety was just published in the open access journal Frontiers in Psychology. This is Amanda's first publication! In this article, we report on the development and validation of a revised version of a children's math anxiety questionnaire (the Math Anxiety Scale for Young Children) for children in first through third grades.
You can read or download the full article here:
The key questions and findings of this article are:
1) How well do students understand math anxiety questions? We conducted this research project because we were unsure if young children understood questions from previous surveys that asked about math anxiety, like the Math Anxiety Scale for Young Children (MASYC). We found that there were 3 questions on the MASYC survey that many students did not interpret as intended. For example, for the item "Figuring out if I have enough money to buy cookies and a drink is fun", many students we interviewed answered based on whether they would want to buy cookies and a drink, and not whether they would want to do the math needed to figure out how much money they would need. Therefore, their responses were not related to math anxiety at all! We removed this item, as well as others that were misinterpreted, from the new version of the survey that we created. We now know that when students answer the questions, they are answering about math anxiety and not anything else.
2) How many early elementary school children have math anxiety? There was, unfortunately, a subset of students in all grades who could be identified as having high math anxiety. The survey that we gave measured math anxiety in three different ways. Some items were about the physiological aspects of math anxiety (e.g., Math gives me a stomachache), others were about the worry aspects of anxiety (e.g., I get worried when I don't understand something in math), and others were actually not anxiety, but confidence about math (e.g., I like doing math problems on the board in front of the class). We found that for first-grade students, 13% of students were high in the physiological aspects of anxiety, 33% were high in the worry aspects of anxiety, and 18% had low math confidence. It was similar at the other grades as well. This suggests that we need to be thinking about ways to intervene in students' math anxiety much earlier in development than previous interventions have sought to help (typically in middle school or beyond).
3) Is math anxiety related to math performance? We found small, but important, correlations between math anxiety and math performance. However, these relations appeared primarily for the third grade students, and not earlier in development, suggesting that math anxiety and math performance are related, but this relationship may not emerge until the third grade.
4) Is math anxiety related to other attitudes about math? We found that math anxiety was also related to the other attitudes that students have about math. This suggests that students with higher math anxiety tend to be less confident in their math abilities, be less interested in math, and think that math is less important.
5) Are there gender differences in math anxiety? At this age, we found some evidence that girls have higher levels of math anxiety than boys (as is often found with older children, adolescents, and adults). However, our results showed that this gender difference in math anxiety could really be explained by the gender difference in general anxiety. Therefore, at this age, it does not appear that math anxiety specifically is higher for girls than boys.
Dr. Ganley worked with Dr. Sarah Lubienski and Dr. Joe Robinson-Cimpian from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (with whom she did her postdoctoral work) on the AERA Institute on Statistical Analysis for Education Policy. Dr. Ganley gave presentations about working with large-scale data sets from the US Department of Education and using propensity score matching in SPSS. See here for an article about the Institute on the AERA website and here for an article on the University of Illinois website.